Preventing falls in older people

 
 
 

The typical Western diet and lifestyle promote the emergence of several chronic disorders; one of them (related to aging) has a very long name: osteosarcopenic obesity, which translated means deterioration of bone health, decline in muscle strength and mass, and increased presence of fat tissue in muscle and bone.

The main causes of this problem are chronic diseases, drug therapy, genetic predisposition and environmental factors, but poor nutrition and lack of physical activity are important as well. Older adults are always potentially at nutritional risk, because they often eat high-calorie/low-nutrient foods and insufficient dietary fiber, frequently have decreased appetite, and their ability to absorb some essential nutrients (most vitamins and minerals) is decreased.

One of the most common health problems among people who suffer from osteosarcopenic obesity is the elevated risk of falls and fractures. For older people, a fall can be the start of more serious problems: fractures (affecting the pelvis, wrist, arm or hip), injuries, and fear of falling (which restricts their activity and leads to a gradual loss of independence). So, prevention is very important.

To improve diet and physical activity (resistance or aerobic training, Tai Chi, Pilates, etc.) might help in preventing or alleviating this disorder. Nutritional modifications include adequate intake of protein, calcium, magnesium and vitamin D, and increasing also consumptions of foods containing omega-3 fatty acids (EPA and DHA have been shown to promote bone formation and reduce the negative effects of adiposity on bone) and fiber.

 

Bibliography

 
 

Omega-3 and obesity

In several studies it has been found that increasing the intake of omega-3 by 0,3–3,0 g/day can improve the composition of our body, reducing body weight and body fat in overweight[...]

 
 

Fish oil and weight loss in young men

Over the last decade, there has been a significant increase in the percentage of obese men and boys, while the percentage of obese girls and women has remained stable. If you are a[...]

 
 

About breastfeeding

Breastfeeding is the best for babies and mommies: it can protect children against infections and reduce the possibility of later health problems (including diabetes, obesity, and a[...]