Omega-3 and waist circumference

Excess body fat (obesity) is harmful for health, because it is associated with high levels of bad cholesterol and triglycerides, low levels of good cholesterol, and with increased blood sugar levels (all of them risk factors for several diseases). Methods for evaluate obesity have changed over the time, and currently it is recognized that what matters is not body weight but body fat; moreover, one type of excess fat is […]

 
 
 
 

DHA and children’s IQ

Human milk contains nutrients needed for infant health and development, and other components that protect against infection and inflammation, and contribute to the immune system maturation and organ development. Its composition varies from colostrum to late lactation, within feeds, between mothers, and also between term and preterm infants. The production of human milk has different stages: From mid pregnancy to delivery, breasts undergo many changes necessary for proper breastfeeding. The […]

 
 
 
 

EPA to improve exercise-induced muscle injury

Muscle can be damaged by external factors (for example, in contact sports), or by internal factors (mechanical or biological factors, triggered by un unusual exercise that involve eccentric muscle actions, for example). An eccentric muscle contraction occurs when a muscle opposes a stronger force, which causes the muscle to lengthen as it contracts (let us just think, for example, about opening a heavy door with one arm). Muscle eccentric contractions […]

 
 
 
 

Preventing cognitive impairment

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (group to which EPA and DHA belong) have anti-inflammatory effects and neuronal protective functions, and may be beneficial in the prevention of dementia. Dementia occurs when cells of the brain are damaged by some health condition, and it is characterized by the impairment of cognitive abilities such as attention, memory, language, logical reasoning, and problem-solving, as well as by the ocurrence of changes in mood or […]

 
 
 
 

Women, omega-3 and longevity

The “Women’s Health Initiative” is a long-term health study that began in 1993 with 161,808 women aged 50-79; its objective was to study the relationships between health (medical history), lifestyle (questionnaires), and risk factors, over time, with respect specific disorders. At the end of the initial study period (1993-2005), the follow-up of all women who consented continued, and this has enabled to perform many studies with their data (in subgroups […]

 
 
 
 

Preventing falls in older people

The typical Western diet and lifestyle promote the emergence of several chronic disorders; one of them (related to aging) has a very long name: osteosarcopenic obesity, which translated means deterioration of bone health, decline in muscle strength and mass, and increased presence of fat tissue in muscle and bone. The main causes of this problem are chronic diseases, drug therapy, genetic predisposition and environmental factors, but poor nutrition and lack […]