Omega-3 could help to prevent cardiovascular disease in cigarette smokers


Smoking is associated with endothelial dysfunction and arterial stiffness. Cigarette smoking is a risk factor for atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), because the chemicals in cigarettes can damage the inner lining of the arteries (called the endothelium) accelerating the development of this disease. And atherosclerosis is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Why the hardening of the arteries can cause a heart attack or a stroke? Because once the blood vessel is damaged, fats, cholesterol, platelets and other substances begin to deposit and to accumulate in the artery walls, forming plaques, whose rupture cause the formation of blood clots that can travel to another part of the body and block blood flow: if a clot blocks a blood vessel that feeds the heart, it causes a heart attack; if it blocks a blood vessel that feeds the brain, it causes a stroke. It has become clear that smoking is a very dangerous habit. Doesn’t it?

As we have explained in another post, omega-3 supplementation may help in quitting smoking, but if you are not yet ready to do it, try, at least, to prevent some of its consequences. Supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids improves endothelial function and the elastic properties of the arteries, as well as endogenous fibrinolysis (a process that prevents blood clots from growing and becoming problematic), in cigarette smokers.

If you still smoke, omega-3 fatty acids could help you to prevent cardiovascular disease.




What is dyslipidemia?

Dyslipidemia means that cholesterol and triglycerides levels in the blood are too high or too low. The most common types are: High levels of “bad” cholesterol (LDL), low levels of [...]