Omega-3, osteoporosis and menopause


Famous actresses as Sally Field or Carmen Maura confess to suffer from osteoporosis, the most common type of bone disease, which weakens the bones to the point they become fragile and break easily. Bone is a living tissue that is constantly being replaced by new bone, and osteoporosis occurs when the body doesn’t form enough new bone, when too much existing bone is reabsorbed by the body or both things.

At the menopause, the decrease of estrogen is cause of bone loss. About half of all women over the age of 50 will have a fracture of the hip, wrist or vertebra. In a recent study, 79 postmenopausal, sedentary, women, in good health and taking no medications, were randomly assigned to one of the following 4 groups: exercise + supplement (capsules with EPA + DHA to supply a total of 1000 mg/day), exercise only, supplement only or control (neither exercise nor supplement) during 24 weeks. The outcomes showed that the combination of omega-3 supplementation with aerobic exercise provides increased benefits on bone mineral density (which measures the amount of calcium and minerals in the bone) over exercise alone or supplementation alone, increasing bone formation and decreasing its resorption. The same researchers have already demonstrated that omega-3 with and without exercise (walking, jogging, playing tennis or dancing) increased bone formation and decreased resorption in postmenopausal women, but the combination of exercise with omega-3 consumption even enhances these outcomes.


The roles of EPA in health - Part II

As we promised in "The roles of EPA in health - Part I", we are going to talk about the main beneficial roles of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in our health: EPA prevents cartilage d[...]