Omega-3 and oral health


Periodontal disease range from simple gum inflammation (gingivitis) to serious disease that causes major damage to the soft tissue and bone that support the teeth (periodontitis). Gingivitis is caused by a build-up of plaque on the teeth; plaque contains bacteria, which cause the gums to become inflamed and to easily bleed during tooth brushing. If plaque is not removed, it can harden and form tartar, that brushing doesn’t clean (only a professional cleaning can remove it). When gingivitis is not treated, it can advance to periodontitis; in periodontitis, gums pull away from the teeth and form spaces that become infected. If this infection is not treated, the bones, gums, and tissue that support the teeth are destroyed; when this happens, teeth may become loose or have to be removed.

Diet has a strong impact on the gingival and periodontal inflammatory reaction: an oral health optimized diet can significantly reduce inflammation. A diet low in carbohydrates, and rich in omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins C and D, and fibers can significantly reduce gingival and periodontal inflammation.