Omega-3 intake is insufficient

 
 
 

Many studies have shown the cardiovascular benefits of long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (EPA and DHA are the most important). That is why institutions such as The American Heart Association and the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, which are recognized worldwide, recommend at least two servings of fish per week, especially oily fish, rich in the omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA (that translates into, at least, 250 mg per day of EPA plus DHA).

In the United States, however, less than 10% of the population met this recommendation. As a result, in 98% of the population the blood concentration of these omega-3 is below a level associated with meeting the dietary recommendations. It is estimated that by 2030, 40.5% of the United States population will have some form of cardiovascular disease and that the real indirect costs for all cardiovascular diseases will increase by 61% from 2010 to 2030. However, it is also estimated that increasing omega-3 intake (and by extension, their blood levels) could significantly reduce costs of the United States healthcare system.

In contrast to the explained above, and according to a survey performed by the Global Health and Nutrition Alliance in three countries (United States, Germany, and United Kingdom), 52% of the population believes they consume all the key nutrients needed for optimal nutrition through their diet alone. Most adults, regardless of country, think they have an optimal diet and adequate in omega-3 fatty acids.

It becomes evident the need to increase long chain omega-3 intake, but fish consumption at recommended levels to obtain adequate omega-3 concentrations can be quite costly, and furthermore, concerns about mercury may limit the intakes of fish for groups such as children and pregnant and lactating females. Omega-3 supplementation becomes a good option.

 

 

Bibliography

 
 

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