EPA and DHA in periodontal disease


Half of Americans over 30 years of age have periodontitis, an inflammatory disease that affects the soft and hard structures that support the teeth. In its early stage (gingivitis), the gums become swollen and red due to inflammation (the response to the presence of harmful bacteria). When the mouth is healthy, the gums fit tightly around each tooth, but gum disease can produce deeper spaces around the teeth called periodontal pockets. In the more severe form of periodontal disease (periodontitis), these periodontal pockets are deep, because supporting gum tissues are destroyed, and teeth may fall out.

Scaling and root planing is the most common form of treatment for periodontal disease and consists in a deep cleaning. Scaling is the removal of tartar and dental plaque (a substance full of bacteria) that attach to the tooth surfaces. Root planing removes any remaining calculus of the root surface. This treatment is one of the most effective ways to treat gingivitis before it becomes periodontitis.

It has been showed that EPA and DHA intake is associated with a reduction of the periodontal pocket after scaling and root planning in nonsmokers with chronic generalized periodontitis.

This means that combining EPA + DHA and root planing can optimize healing and also prevent further complications, as the oral bacteria of chronic periodontal infection enter the circulatory system and may contribute to diseases of the heart and other organs.