DHA, exercise and mitochondrial metabolism


Mitochondria are small structures floating inside the cell and act like a digestive system: they create energy rich molecules for the cell by combining oxygen (from the air we breathe) with the sugars and fats that come from the food we eat. They are the main source of energy for the body. Some cells have several thousand mitochondria (germ cells, for example) while others have none (red blood cells and skin cells have very little to none), but most cells have one to 2,000 of them; muscle cells need a lot of energy so they have many mitochondria. If a cell is not getting enough energy to survive, more mitochondria can be created, it depends on the needs of the cell.

Mitochondria are vital to our health. Therefore, it is important to optimizing mitochondrial function and preventing mitochondrial dysfunction by making sure we get all the nutrients our mitochondria need: coenzyme Q10, L-carnitine, D-ribose, magnesium, omega-3 fatty acids, all B vitamins, and alpha-lipoic acid.

Exercise also promotes mitochondrial health. When we exercise, our body will respond by creating more mitochondria to keep up with the increased energy requirement. Exercise induces mitochondrial adaptations which may contribute to improved mitochondrial function, and this mitochondrial response is improved by DHA supplementation.




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