DHA, EPA and metabolic syndrome


A syndrome is a group of signs and symptoms that occur together and characterize a particular abnormality or condition. Metabolic syndrome is a combination of 3 or more of the following components: high blood pressure, high blood sugar levels, abnormal cholesterol levels (high blood levels of triglycerides and low blood levels of the “good cholesterol”) and excess body fat around the waist. The particularity of this combination is that it increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Having one of these factors doesn’t mean we have metabolic syndrome, but any of them increase the risk of disease and if more than one occur in combination, the risk is greater.

If you have metabolic syndrome or any of its components, lifestyle changes (as weight control, smoking cessation, regular physical activity and adaptation to the Mediterranean diet) and increased intakes of omega-3 fatty acids of marine origin can prevent or delay the development of severe health problems. Supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids (DHA and EPA) contribute to reducing insulin resistance, diminishing the risk of type 2 diabetes, and also decrease the triglycerides concentrations and reduce the “bad cholesterol”. Their effects include antiinflammatory and antithrombotic responses, improved endothelial function, arterial compliance and blood pressure control. To obtain the maximum benefits omega-3 must be taken in sufficient quantity and concentration.



Carpentier YA, Portois L and Malaisse WJ. n-3 fatty acids and the metabolic syndrome. Am J Clin Nutr 2006;83(suppl):1499S–1504S.


Omega-3 supplementation during menopause

Metabolic syndrome, a group of conditions (high blood pressure, high blood glucose, high levels of triglycerides, low levels of good cholesterol and too much fat around the waist) [...]