Cardiometabolic benefits of exercise


Metabolic syndrome is the name for a group of risk factors that raises the risk for heart disease and other health problems: high blood glucose, high blood pressure, high level of blood triglycerides, low level of good cholesterol and central obesity (increased fat deposits around the abdominal organs). Lifestyle changes can reverse these factors: the combination of weight loss and exercise produces the best effect (improvement of blood glucose and lipid levels, and blood pressure).

Regular exercise is very important in the management of these risk factors: it improves by itself blood glucose and lipid levels even without weight reduction, and it also reduces central obesity, with or without weight loss. It is recommended to do at least 30 minutes of aerobic exercise (for example brisk walking, jogging, cycling, swimming or dancing) on most, if not all, days of the week, because improvements in glucose levels and insulin effectiveness can be lost within 24-48 hours without doing exercise. Resistance exercise (for example weights training) can also be beneficial, but it may not reduce central obesity; so, it can complement, but not replace, aerobic exercise training.

Supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids and oleic acid enhances cardiometabolic benefits of aerobic exercise training in people with metabolic syndrome.




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