Yearly archives: 2013

 
 
 
 

DHA and EPA supplementation may help children with ADHD

Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) frequently act without thinking, can be hyperactive and have trouble focusing. They often have low self-esteem and can develop additional emotional and social problems. In addition, they have higher rates of conflict behaviors (negative comments, irritability and poor communication and involvement) and a lower probability of completing schooling compared to children who don’t have ADHD. This is why the early diagnosis and an […]

 
 
 
 

Cognitive decline associated with surgery

Hospitalization (for surgical procedures or critical illness: severe infection, chemotherapy, trauma, heart failure, etc.) often is related to accelerated cognitive decline. Older age is associated with a more rapid decline after hospitalization. Post-surgical cognitive dysfunction is also associated with an increased risk of mortality. The basis of this complication is unknown. Anesthesia may affect memory processes in different regions of the brain and surgery is also accompanied by systemic inflammation […]

 
 
 
 

EPA and DHA in childhood depression

The first study of omega-3 treatment in prepubescent childhood depression is presented below: For 16 weeks, patients received two 500 mg (190 mg EPA + 90 mg DHA/500 mg) or one 1,000 mg (400 mg EPA + 200 mg DHA/1,000 mg) capsules daily (the omega-3 group), or placebo (the placebo group). Mean age in the omega-3 group was 10.0 (8−12.0) and 10.3 in the placebo group (8−12.5). At the beginning […]

 
 
 
 

Cheers for the curves!

At the end of puberty, women have more total body fat than 99,5% of men, and more fat in thighs/buttock (gluteofemoral fat) and less abdominal/visceral fat than 95,5% of men. The waist-hip ratio (WHR) is a useful way to express the ratio of upper-body fat to lower-body fat. Women have a lower WHR than men. The fact that among men of different cultures a preference for low WHR seems widespread […]

 
 
 
 

Obese adolescents, omega-3 and chronic diseases

Obesity is an important risk factor for the development of several chronic diseases (hypertension, cancer, asthma and metabolic syndrome). Chronic low grade systemic inflammation is characteristic of obesity and may explain the link between obesity and chronic disease. There is evidence for infiltration of immune and inflammatory cells into adipose tissue, that leads to systemic inflammation (and subsequent organ damage). Compared to normal weight adolescents, obese adolescents have lower serum […]

 
 
 
 

DHA protects brain cells against the effects of alcohol

It is known that alcohol abuse causes brain damage (and other health problems), leads to inflammation and cell death, causes mild-to-moderate cognitive impairment and, in case of long-term abuse, increases the risk of dementia. Brain-imaging techniques reveal structural, functional and biochemical changes in the brain of persons who abuse alcoholic beverages. In a recently published study, researchers exposed cultures of adult rat brain cells to high amounts of alcohol and […]